By Dario Montrone
Thursday 26 March 2020
The history of the Volkswagen Golf GTI, from the first generation of 1976 to the eighth generation introduced recently
From 1976 to today, the Volkswagen Golf GTI has been produced in over two million specimens. The eighth generation was recently introduced, equipped with the 2.0 TSI petrol engine with 245 hp of power and 250 km / h of maximum speed. The first generation, on the other hand, was powered by the 1.6-liter aspirated engine with 110 hp electronic injection and 182 km / h top speed. There Golf GTI was born from the intuition of the engineer Anton Konrad, at the time responsible for the press office of the House of Wolfsburg. After being unveiled as a prototype at the 1975 Frankfurt Motor Show, production of the car started in June 1976, initially as a special limited series version (only 5,000 units). The car got the ok of the board for performance, but above all for the maximum sharing of components with the Volkswagen Golf and Scirocco.
Aesthetically, the Volkswagen Golf GTI it was recognizable by the Mars Red radiator grille line, the front bumper with spoiler, the widened wheel arches and the matt black frame of the rear window. The interior, on the other hand, was characterized by the tartan plaid fabric of the sports seats, combined with the black sky, as well as the golf ball-shaped gear knob, not forgetting the red details for the instrumentation and the internal decorations of the doors. In 1982, the first generation of the Golf GTI it adopted the 112 bhp 1.8 unit, also used for the special version Pirelli which debuted the following year, equipped with specific alloy wheels and produced in 10,500 copies.
The second and third generations
In 1984 the second generation of the was introduced Volkswagen Golf GTI, with the confirmed 112 bhp 1.8 engine and the ten-millimeter lower sports suspension. In 1986 it was proposed as GTI 16V 136 HP, in 1990 as GTI G60 160 HP. The third generation of the legendary ‘hot hatch’ debuted in 1991 with the 116 bhp 2.0 engine, flanked the following year by the GTI 16V 150 HP, while in 1996 the special version was introduced Edition 20 with BBS alloy wheels and also with the 110 HP 1.9 TDI diesel unit.
The fourth and fifth generation
The fourth generation of the Volkswagen Golf GTI dates back to 1998, with the 150 HP 1.8 Turbo 20V petrol engine. Subsequently, the special version was introduced Edition 25 180 HP and produced in just 3,000 units in 2001, in addition to the 1.9 TDI diesel engine with 116 HP first and 150 HP later. In 2004 it was the turn of the fourth generation, with the 2.0 TFSI 200 HP unit also in combination with the sequential gearbox DSG double clutch. In 2006 the special declension debuted Edition 30 230 HP, followed the following year by the revival Pirelli of equal power.
The sixth and seventh generations
In 2009 the marketing of the sixth generation of the Volkswagen Golf GTI, with the 210 PS 2.0 TSI engine and the electronic differential XDS. In 2011 it was proposed in the special version Edition 35 with 235 HP, the following year as GTI Cabriolet. The debut of the seventh generation dates back to 2013, available in the basic versions of 220 HP and Performance 230 HP. On the occasion of the fortieth anniversary the GTI Clubsport 265 HP, with the temporary 190 HP boost function, flanked by the special version Clusport S 310 HP of power and produced in only 400 specimens exclusively with the three-door body and two-seater passenger compartment. Finally, in 2017 it was subjected to the mid-career restyling and proposed in the configurations GTI 230 HP, GTI Performance 245 HP e GTI TCR with 290 HP.